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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  KHK Assay A
Description:  A 384-well format on a Corning 3653 assay plate is used, and monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy in continuous mode at rt. Compounds were prepared in DMSO as 4 mM stocks, diluted using an 11-point half-log scheme on a Biomek FX (Beckman Coulter), and incubated at rt for 30 minutes with the reaction mixture containing 50 mM HEPES, pH 7.4, 140 mM KCl, 3.5 mM MgCl2, 0.8 mM fructose, 2 mM TCEP, 0.8 mM PEP, 0.7 mM NADH, 0.01% Triton X-100, 30 U/mL pyruvate kinase-lactate dehydrogenase, and 10 nM purified KHK-C. The compound concentration in each well ranged from 1 nM to 100 μM. The reaction was initiated with the addition of 0.2 mM ATP. The absorbance was measured for 30 minutes on a SpectraMax reader (Molecular Devices) after ATP was added. The concentrations provided are based on the final mixture volume of 40 μL (referred to as the final concentration).Controls: N8-(cyclopropylmethyl)-N4-(2-(methylthio)phenyl)-2-(piperazin-1-yl)pyrimido[5,4-d]pyrimidine-4,8-diamine at 2 μM final concentration was used as high percent effect (HPE) control, and 2.5% DMSO which was present in all reaction wells was used as zero percent effect (ZPE) control. Reaction rates were obtained for 300-1800 seconds time window in units of 1000*AU/min (absorbance unit per minute), and average values for ZPE and HPE controls from 16 wells each were calculated, AveZPE and AveHPE, respectively.Percent inhibition (% inhibition) was calculated for each well using this equation:100 - 100 ( Compound ⁢ ⁢ absorbance ⁢ ⁢ rate ⁢ ⁢ value - Ave HPE ) ( Ave ZPE - Ave HPE )The % inhibition was then plotted against the log of compound concentration using GraphPad Prism, and the data was fit to the equation log [compound] vs. response variable slope using nonlinear regression analysis to give IC50 values. For each compound tested, the IC50 provided is the average based on at least two separate assays conducted on separate days.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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