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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Cell-Based Assay
Description:  This cell-based assay measures the ability of test compounds to inhibit the uptake of glycine by the glycine transporter type 1. Human placental choriocarcinoma (JAR) cells endogenously expressing human glycine transporter type 1 (Gly-T1) were used for this assay. For uptake assays, JAR cells were cultured in 96-well cytostar T scintillating microplates (Amersham Biosciences) in RPMI 1640 medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum in the presence of penicillin (100 μg/ml) and streptomycin (100 μg/ml). Cells were plated at a density of 4104 cells/well and grown at 37 C. in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 for 24 h.Culture medium was removed from Cytostar plate and JAR cells were incubated with 30 μl of Uptake buffer (120 mM NaCl, 2 mM KCl, 1 mM CaCl2, 1 mM MgCl2, 10 mM Hepes, 5 mM alanine, pH 7.5) with or without compound for 5 min. Then 30 μl of [14C] glycine (101 mCi/mmol, obtained from Perkin Elmer) diluted in Uptake buffer was added to each well to give a final concentration of 5 μM. After incubation at room temperature for the desired time usually 1-2 h, sealed 96-well Cytostar plates were counted on a TopCount (Packard). Nonspecific uptake of [14C] glycine was determined in the presence of 10 μM cold ALX-5407 (Sigma).
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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