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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Functional Assay
Description:  HEK293 cells were transfected with human TRPV1 cloned in pcDNA3.1zeo(+) using the Effectene non-liposomal lipid based transfection kit (Qiagen) (hTRPV1/HEK293). hTRPV1/HEK293 cells were routinely grown as monolayers under selection in zeocin (200 μg/mL; Invitrogen) in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM, Gibco BRL) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, and penicillin/streptomycin (50 units/mL) in 5% CO2 at 37 C. Cells were passaged frequently, every 3-5 days, to avoid overgrowth, depletion of essential medium components, or acidic medium exposure. Cells were passaged using a brief wash in 0.05% trypsin with 1 mM EDTA, followed by dissociation in divalent-free phosphate-buffered saline (Hyclone #SH30028.02). Dissociated cells were seeded onto poly-D-lysine coated black-walled 96-well plates (Biocoat; Becton Dickinson #354640) at about 40,000 cells per well and grown for approximately 1 day in culture medium to near confluency. The assay buffer was composed of 130 mM NaCl, 2 mM KCl, 2 mM MgCl2, 10 mM HEPES, 5 mM glucose, and either 2 mM or 20 μM CaCl2. On the day of the experiment, the culture medium was replaced with 2 mM calcium assay buffer using an automated plate washer (ELx405; Biotek, VT). The cells were incubated in 100 μL/well Fluo-3/AM (2 μM; TEFLabs #0116) with Pluronic F127 (100 μg/mL; Sigma #P2443) for 1 h at rt in the dark. After loading the cells, the dye solution was replaced with 50 μL/well of 20 μM calcium assay buffer using the ELx405 plate washer.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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