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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Enzyme Assay
Description:  The functional activity of compounds inhibiting the DAAO enzyme was determined by utilizing the co-product of the catalysis of D-Serine, H2O2, which can be quantitatively measured using the Amplex (trade mark) Red (Invitrogen) detection. Amplex Red reagent is a colorless substrate that reacts with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with a 1:1 stoichiometry to produce highly fluorescent resorufin (excitation/emission maxima=570/585 nm). The changes in fluorescence were monitored by a fluorescence plate reader, Envision (Perkin Elmer) and increases in DAAO activity were readily detected upon addition of D-Serine and suppression of this response observed with the application of test compounds.Human DAAO enzyme was supplied by the Takeda Pharmaceutical Company (Osaka) and each batch was tested and used at concentrations giving comparable levels of activity. The Km of D-Serine was measured for each enzyme batch to maintain consistency; this Km was used in subsequent assays.On the day of the assay compounds were serially diluted in DMSO before being diluted 1:20 with assay buffer (20 mM Tris ph 7.4). A 5 μl portion of assay buffer was added to the wells of a 384 clear base black-walled plate (Corning), 5 μl of diluted compound was then added via automated plate-to-plate transfer using the Bravo liquid handler (Agilent technologies) followed by 5 μl of human DAAO enzyme, and then 5 μl D-Serine 50 mM was added to all but the negative control wells (final concentration of 10 mM). Finally 5 μl Amplex red reagent (Invitrogen) was added to all wells as per manufacturer's protocol. The plate was incubated for 60 minutes in the dark at 25 C. and the fluorescence in each well was measured in the Envision plate reader.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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