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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  KAT-II inhibitory assay
Description:  The inhibitory action of the test compound on human recombinant KAT-II was determined by the following method.To a reaction mixture (45 μL) containing 3.0 μmol/L kynurenine, 10 μmol/L pyridoxal phosphate, 2.0 ng/μL human recombinant KAT-II, and 150 mmol/L tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane-acetate buffer (pH 8.0) was added a 10% dimethyl sulfoxide solution (5 μL) of each test compound prepared, and the mixture was reacted at 37 C. for 1 hr. After the reaction, 50% trichloroacetic acid (5 μL) was added to terminate the reaction.The resultant kynurenic acid was quantified as follows by high performance liquid chromatography. An enzyme reaction mixture was separated by an octadecylsilane reversed-phase column (SC-50DS, Eicom Corporation; mobile phase: 250 mmol/L zinc acetate, 50 mmol/L sodium acetate, and 5.0% acetonitrile (pH 6.2)) incubated at 30 C., and kynurenic acid was quantified using a fluorescence detector (RF-20Axs, Shimadzu Corporation) at excitation wavelength 354 nm, detection wavelength 460 nm. The analytical curve was drawn every time by an external standard method. Each test compound was tested by dual measurement at each concentration. The kynurenic acid level in the presence of a test compound at each concentration was converted into % relative to kynurenic acid resulting from a reaction with an enzyme alone as 100%, and the obtained values were fitted to S-curve to determine IC50.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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