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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Inhibition Assay
Description:  The inhibition of CYP enzyme activity (IC50) for each of CYP1A2, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP3A4(BFC) and CYP3A4(BQ) is determined for compounds, where inhibition of metabolism of a known substrate leads to a decrease in the fluorescence of the metabolized product. The fluorescence of the product is monitored as a function of compound concentration. Compounds are dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide to a concentration of 100 mM. These are diluted 1 μL into 82 μL of acetonitrile. An 11 μL aliquot of this solution is then added to 204 μL of cofactor mix (1.3% NADPH Regeneration system Solution A, 1.04% NADPH Regeneration system Solution B from BD Biosciences, 5% acetonitrile and 0.05% dimethyl sulfoxide). These are then serially diluted 1:1 (160 μL to 160 μL co-factor mix) for a total of 10 points. A 10 μL aliquot of this final mixture is dispensed into 384 well assay plates and incubated for 10 minutes at 37 C. Enzyme and substrate mix (10 μL; 0.5 pmol CYP1A2/5 μM CEC; 1.0 pmol CYP2C9/75 μM MFC; 0.5 pmol CYP2C19/25 μM CEC; 1.5 pmol CYP2D6/1.5 μM AMMC; 1.0 pmol CYP3A4/50 μM BFC; or 1.0 pmol CYP3A4/40 μM BQ) is added to these assay plates. Assay plates are incubated at 37 C. (CYP1A2-15 min; CYP2C9-45 min; CYP2C19, 2D6 and 3A4-30 min) and read in a Tecan Safire 2 plate reader (CYP1A2, 2C19 and 3A4 409 ex/460 em; CYP2C9 and 2D6 409 ex/530 em).
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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